Ultra-wideband synthetic aperture radar for mine field detection

Lawrence Carin, Norbert Geng, Mark McClure, Jeffrey Sichina, Lam Nguyen

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

2 Scopus citations


Ground-penetrating radar (GPR) constitutes one of the oldest technologies for subsurface sensing. Most of such systems are placed in direct or near-direct contact with the earth surface. A significant drawback of this approach is the lack of «standoff», a particular problem for the detection of buried ordnance (e.g., mines). Moreover, it is time consuming to use such hand-held systems for large-area interrogation over variable terrain and foliage. The US Army Research Laboratory (ARL) has therefore undertaken the development of a synthetic aperture radar (SAR) system, with which significant standoff can be achieved. This system provides surveillance of large areas, the results from which can dictate the smaller regions over which conventional hand-held systems (e.g., electromagnetic induction, conventional GPR, and magnetometers) should be deployed. Therefore, while ideally we would like to use the SAR system to detect and distinguish each mine, we are particularly interested in mine field detection, over very large areas. Consequently, we need not detect each mine, but rather mine clusters. This simplified problem statement still constitutes a significant technological challenge, particularly in highly cluttered (natural and anthropic) environments.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationUltra-Wideband Short-Pulse Electromagnetics 4
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Number of pages9
ISBN (Print)0306462060
StatePublished - Jan 1 1998
Externally publishedYes


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