Ultrasmooth, Highly Spherical Monocrystalline Gold Particles for Precision Plasmonics

You-Jin Lee, Nicholas B. Schade, Li Sun, Jonathan A. Fan, Doo Ri Bae, Marcelo M. Mariscal, Gaehang Lee, Federico Capasso, Stefano Sacanna, Vinothan N. Manoharan, Gi-Ra Yi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

128 Scopus citations


Ultrasmooth, highly spherical monocrystalline gold particles were prepared by a cyclic process of slow growth followed by slow chemical etching, which selectively removes edges and vertices. The etching process effectively makes the surface tension isotropic, so that spheres are favored under quasi-static conditions. It is scalable up to particle sizes of 200 nm or more. The resulting spherical crystals display uniform scattering spectra and consistent optical coupling at small separations, even showing Fano-like resonances in small clusters. The high monodispersity of the particles we demonstrate should facilitate the self-assembly of nanoparticle clusters with uniform optical resonances, which could in turn be used to fabricate optical metafluids. Narrow size distributions are required to control not only the spectral features but also the morphology and yield of clusters in certain assembly schemes. © 2013 American Chemical Society.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)11064-11070
Number of pages7
JournalACS Nano
Issue number12
StatePublished - Nov 18 2013
Externally publishedYes


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