Water-assisted HDO of biomass model compounds enabled by Ru-based catalysts

S. Carrasco-Ruiz, S. Parrilla-Lahoz, Joseph Lacanilao Santos, A. Penkova, J. A. Odriozola, T. R. Reina, L. Pastor-Perez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Biofuels upgrading gathering momentum in view of the gradual depletion of fossil fuels and the pursuit of renewable energy sources to mitigate global warming. Hydrodeoxygenation (HDO) is a key reaction in the upgrading of bio-oil to produce hydrocarbon fuels or high-value chemicals. Oxygen removal in bio-oil increases its calorific value, improve thermal and chemical stability, reduce corrosiveness, etc., making the upgraded bio-oil suitable as a fuel or blending fuel. However, the dependence on high-pressure hydrogen is a serious disadvantage, as it is an expensive resource whose use also poses safety concerns. In this scenario, we propose a pioneering route for model biomass compounds upgrading via H2-free HDO. Herein we have developed multifunctional catalysts based on Ru and ceria supported on carbon able conduct the hydrodeoxygenation reaction using water as hydrogen source. We found that cerium oxide improves ruthenium metallic dispersion and the overall redox properties of the multicomponent system leading to enhanced catalytic performance. Along with the successful catalytic formulation we identify 300 °C as an optimal temperature validating the H2-free HDO route for bio-compounds upgrading.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)107860
JournalFuel Processing Technology
StatePublished - Jun 2 2023
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • General Chemical Engineering
  • Fuel Technology


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