Wearable Vital Signal Monitoring Prototype Based on Capacitive Body Channel Communication

Waseem Alkhayer, Mohammed E. Fouda, Abdulkadir Celik, Ahmed Eltawil

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Wireless body area network (WBAN) provides a means for seamless individual health monitoring without imposing restrictive limitations on normal daily routines. To date, Radio Frequency (RF) transceivers have been the technology of choice, however, drawbacks such as vulnerability to body shadowing effects, higher power consumption due to omnidirectional radiation and security concerns, have prompted the adoption of transceivers that use the human body channel for communication. In this paper, a vital signal monitoring transceiver prototype based on the human body channel communication (HBC), using commercially available chipsets is presented. RF and HBC communications are briefly reviewed and compared, and different schemes of HBC are introduced. A circuit model that represents the human body channel is then discussed and simulations are presented to illustrate the influence of the return path capacitance and receiver terminations on the path loss. The architecture of the transceiver prototype is then introduced where it is designed at a 21 MHz IEEE 802.15.6 standard-compliant carrier frequency. Finally, the performance of the transceiver, including the bit error rate (BER) and power efficiency, are characterized. Path loss is measured for two different scenarios, where variations of up to 5 dB were observed due to environmental effects. Energy efficiency measured at a maximum data-rate of 1.3 Mbps was found to be 8.3 nJ/b.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication17TH IEEE-EMBS INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON WEARABLE AND IMPLANTABLE BODY SENSOR NETWORKS (BSN’22)
PublisherIEEE
ISBN (Print)978-1-6654-5926-6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2022

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Wearable Vital Signal Monitoring Prototype Based on Capacitive Body Channel Communication'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this