Wheat doubled haploids have a marked prevalence of chromosomal aberrations

Sandesh Shrestha, Dal-Hoe Koo, Byron Evers, Shuangye Wu, Sean Walkowiak, Pierre Hucl, Curtis Pozniak, Allan K. Fritz, Jesse Poland

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Double haploid (DH) population development is widely used in many crops, including wheat (Triticum aestivum L.), to rapidly produce fixed germplasm for breeding and genetic studies. The genome shock that takes place during DH induction could induce chromosomal aberrations that can impact genome integrity and subsequently plant fitness and agronomic performance. To evaluate the extent of chromosomal aberrations that exist as a result of the DH process, we studied two wheat DH populations: CDC Stanley×CDC Landmark and KS13H9×SYMonument. We utilized high-throughput skim sequencing to construct digital karyotypes of these populations to quantify deletions and aneuploidy with high resolution and accuracy, which was confirmed in selected plants by cytological analysis. The two populations studied showed high proportion of abnormal primary DH lines, 55 and 45%, respectively, based on at least one abnormality per progeny. The chromosomal abnormalities are genetically unstable and were observed segregating in the subsequent generations. These observations have important implications for the use of DH lines in genetics and breeding.
Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalThe Plant Genome
StatePublished - May 1 2023

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Plant Science


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