Wind wave source functions in opposing seas

Sabique Langodan, Luigi Cavaleri, Yesubabu Viswanadhapalli, Ibrahim Hoteit

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

32 Scopus citations


The Red Sea is a challenge for wave modeling because of its unique two opposed wave systems, forced by opposite winds and converging at its center. We investigate the different physical aspects of wave evolution and propagation in the convergence zone. The two opposing wave systems have similar amplitude and frequency, each driven by the action of its own wind. Wave patterns at the centre of the Red Sea, as derived from extensive tests and intercomparison between model and measured data, suggest that the currently available wave model source functions may not properly represent the evolution of the local fields that appear to be characterized by a less effective wind input and an enhanced white-capping. We propose and test a possible simple solution to improve the wave-model simulation under opposing winds and waves condition. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)6751-6768
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research: Oceans
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 16 2015


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